Like many of today's action-packed sports, the track and field have their origins in the first Olympic Games in Greece. When you begin to investigate who invented the tracks and the terrain, you will find that again as football, song and field disappeared during the "dark" ages and re-emerged with the modern organization in 1800.
Since they had no jeeps and tanks and trucks in the ancient world, the soldiers were proud of their athletics. Training is one of the first racing sports, and it is also a favorite for today's games. There is a controversy about when the Olympic Games began, with gaps in the assumptions from 776 BC to the beginning of the ninth or tenth century BC.
There was a gap in the games and in the Middle Ages. In 1896, they were again held in Athens, as the organizers tried to return the ancient tradition. One feature of these games was what is now known as the "marathon race." It is called a "marathon" to honor the victory made by the Fedipids in 490 BC. from the Greek city of Marathon to Sparta. He ran all day to warn the other soldiers of the Persian invasions at Marathon. This distance is about 149 miles; today's competitions are about 26 miles, significantly shorter. When London hosted the Olympic Games in 1908, their marathon was 26 miles 385 yards (42,195 kilometers) from the starting point to the stadium.
If you want to think about who invented a song and a field, you might want to give this honor to the Pheidipids. However, bronze tripods have been found, which before the start of his move, to the tenth century BC. Some believe that there may have been awards for earlier Olympics games. Or, if you want to look at the more complex development of the track and field, think of England in 1849 when the Royal Military Academy organized its first runway and field. Maybe they have to get credit for who invented track and field?
The ancient games eventually expanded to include more racing, boxing, wrestling and pentathlon with five running, throwing and jumping events. In the United States, organized traces and field events date back to the 1860s. In 1873 and 1888, collegiate and amateur groups were formed here. Organized sporting events for men grew up with the first national NCAA championships in 1921. Women who recently received US election rights were included in the games in 1928. Having made history in 1952, the Soviet Union sent its first teams to the Olympics. The fierce competition between the USSR and the US developed during the Cold War over the next 30 years. In the standard Olympic tradition, the wars are temporarily suspended to allow all parties to participate in peace.
Today's favorite events include numerous sports events in Pentathlon (5 sports), Heptatlon (7) and Decathlon (10). The Athletics Congress (USA) and the International Congress of Amateur Athletics set sporting rules. Games are limited to amateurs; professional athletes can not participate or are prohibited.